A. He himself next year will become an honorary prisoner of the next Russian emperor, Alexander II. Rather opposite — respect for local customs. By the way, the official name of the hostage is: «His Excellency Mr. It is not surprising that the granddaughter of the President of the Academy of Arts and the daughter of the hero of the war of 1812, Pyotr Olenin, Elizabeth drew attention to Jamaluddin. Young people, having explained themselves, opened their feelings. But the happy marriage was — Jamaluddin died of anguish and tuberculosis in 1858 g. Your faith is better than mine already because she knows the Blessed Virgin, the Divine Mother, and my faith doesn know her…»
The engagement lasted nearly five years. I perform all the rites of the Mohammedan faith as I did at home, for by order of the Most Gracious Sovereign Emperor, the mullah of our faith teaches us. The Turks, interested in continuing the war in the Caucasus, then also promised Shamil the title of “King of the Transcaucasian” and officially proclaimed him “Generalissimo of the Circassian Army”. Olenina, 1791 Artist Vladimir Borovikovsky (1757-1825)
In general, the plot of the novel took place. Roubaud, 1888
Revenge for revenge? Unfortunately, he acted against honor. Portrait of E. The Crimean War was on. He was even allowed to dress not according to the uniform of the corps, but to wear his own national costume. This story is very real. Source: Public Domain
So, between the Russian Emperor Nicholas I and Shamil, a “matter of honor” took place. Actually, this is where the story of Elizabeth and Jamaluddin ends. The reason is simple. By and large, this includes family, and love, service, attitude towards oath, and honest observance of contracts… Well and in fact, of course and the fate of Jamaluddin and Elizaveta Olenina, in everything named was woven into a rather cunning knot. He writes touching letters to his father: “My precious parent Shamil! Military operations against Russia, contrary to the treaty of honor, already in & nbsp; 1840 & nbsp; were reopened. Since the imam does not comply with the terms of the agreement of honor, then the emperor considers himself entitled to respond adequately — letters from "Mr. Rate the material
Источник aif.ru So Shamil finally lost his son. A series of assaults, huge losses, murmuring of those close — all this forced Shamil to accept the terms of surrender, the most important of which were three. Highlander Jamaluddin Shamil». Partly. First — enter into & nbsp; citizenship of the Russian Empire. And too often during these years that same “deed of honor” by which the imam and emperor were bound was violated. Both of them, not only are the granddaughters of the last Georgian king, but also the ladies-in-waiting of the Empress. From the side of Nicholas — exemplary. The emperor declared to Jamaluddin: "You will be mine, and I — yours! Since since I separated from you, I wrote to you with the permission of the Administration twice, and have not received any news from you, and and therefore I ask you, my dear parent, not to oblivion…» However, these emails are not getting through. My soul — your soul. Sometime in 1837 Russian Emperor Nicholas I, being in the Caucasus, offered him a good agreement. Hood F. And it's not to say that everything always went smoothly. Highlander”
It manifests itself right at the very beginning of the story. Shamil's hopes that his firstborn would continue his father's work did not come true. G. Highlander" are accepted, but they are not sent to the addressee, but settle in the archive of the Separate Gendarme Corps. The father, like the emperor, intercepted his letters to Elizabeth, and then completely forced his son to marriage, marrying him to a Chechen woman. In the same days, Shamil invades Georgia, where his murids sow death and destruction. Which also had political overtones. He is an excellent student, in addition to Russian he is learning French and German, in his own words he has become very fond of dancing and gymnastics», and also loves the exact sciences — “finds some strange pleasure in solving mathematical problems” … And, finally, in & nbsp; 1849 & nbsp; leaves the corps in the rank of cornet. If you believe the story of Olenin-Volgar, “Mr. In June-July 1854 the British-French fleet blocked Russian ships in the bay of Sevastopol. Another thing is that in the Islamic tradition this Arabic word means, first of all, not a person or an object, but a rather broad concept. Emperor — especially. The exchange took place. determined. Did it affect the fate of Jamaluddin? In including education — getting into amanats was a kind of “professional risk”; Imam's son. Now, having been defeated by the Russians in 1839 and lost his first-born child, he began to take revenge. According to the laws of the Russian Empire, a Muslim could not marry an Orthodox woman without first breaking with the faith of the fathers and not being baptized. Highlander”, having learned that they were going to exchange him for Georgian princesses, seemed to try to escape, but he was caught and taken in custody to the Caucasus, not even allowing him to see the & nbsp; farewell to bride-in-law. In 1839 g. during the siege and assault of the fortified mountain village of Akhulgo, the nine-year-old son of Imam Shamil, at the demand of the Russian General Pavel Grabbewas handed over to the Russian side as a hostage. Nostits in Chiryurt. By the same token, he remained faithful to his Russian bride. This is indirectly evidenced by the diary entries of Lieutenant-General Pavel Grabbe: “Shamil’s son of nine years old, a lively boy, manages without timidity as at home.” By all accounts, he was in prepared for the role of a hostage. The first photograph of Imam Shamil, taken in early September 1859 by Count I. But time has passed. Imam Shamil, locked up by Russian troops in that very village of Akhulgo, entered into negotiations solely under the influence of force. M. The retribution for this turned out to be cruel. Highlander.” After the tremendous success of Mikhail Lermontov's novel “A Hero of Our Time” everything connected with the Caucasus was extremely romanticized. Elizabeth — father. To serve, he is sent to the Vladimir 13th Lancers Regiment, which is based in Torzhok, Tver Province. About what like and the title of the movie — the word «amanat» most often translated exclusively in the meaning of “hostage”. He, although he formally remained a Muslim, became “too Russian”. Third — give the Russians a confirmation of the purity of their intentions to the eldest son. Nicholas I in March 1855 died. Second — bring a promise not to take up arms against their new lawful sovereign. This offer was arrogantly rejected. Nicholas I knew this very well, and welcomed the marriage, even expressing a desire to become the godfather of “Mr. The practice for the peoples who profess Islam is quite ordinary, so there is no “mockery of the father and & nbsp; son” there was no side of the imperial army. On 26 May the film «Amanat», which tells the tragic love story of Jamaluddin, the son of Imam Shamil, and Russian noblewoman Elizabeth, granddaughter of President of the Imperial Academy of Arts and Secretary of State of the Russian Empire Alexei Olenin. And also capture the most valuable prisoners — Anna Chavchavadze and Varvara Orbeliani. And & nbsp; assigned him first to & nbsp; Moscow, to & nbsp; the Alexandrinsky Orphan's Institute, which later became the famous Alexander Military School. .jpg” height=”425″ width=”640″ style=”display: block;” />
Assault on the village of Akhulgo. How were the conditions observed? And in 1866 , already living in Kaluga, he will take an oath of allegiance to Russia. Shamil will lay down his arms, and in return he will receive this: “The Emperor will magnify Shamil, show him honor and” make all Dagestan Muslims manager of affairs. B 1849 among these same youth, the most notable was, of course, “Mr. In principle, it can be understood. What about his father, Imam Shamil? B 1854 Imam Shamil struck the Russian Emperor under the knees. From which follows a fair conclusion — no one forced Jamaluddin to change his faith. However, in everything else, Jamaluddin does not experience any constraints. Trust, honor and loyalty were constantly tested in this story. B 1841 he is completely transferred to the First Cadet Corps — Nikolai's favorite educational institution, where his sons were brought up. According to the nephew of Elizabeth Olenina, to the writer Pyotr Olenin-Volgar, the son of Shamil said to his betrothed bride: «Your God — my God! Jamaluddin — to the emperor, who was to him, in his own words, “instead of his father.” Pyotr Olenin didn't mind. “Mr. There also, in Torzhok, the Olenev family lives — the doors of their houses were always open for the youth of the capital. True, it did not bring joy to anyone. It is quite possible that at that moment Shamil regretted the chance he missed almost 30 years ago to end the matter peacefully, as Nicholas I suggested. In relationships the same between people under "amanat" understand something that can be translated as “a matter of faith, trust and honor”. In a purely theological sense, “amanat” is everything that the Almighty created and that he entrusted, entrusted to people. But there was no Muslim priest there, and therefore the boy was transferred to Alexander Cadet Corps for Orphans in Tsarskoye Selo.